Amino Acids

UPLIFT ATG with R100

Spring applications to alleviate the effect of abiotic stress on yield

Whenever crop physiologists study the reasons why crops fail to reach their maximum potential, much of the lost yield is attributed to abiotic stress factors acting on the crop either during establishment or during spring growth. Abiotic stress is caused by environmental issues such as waterlogging, drought and wind, as well as the direct effects of nutrient availability and disease pressure on the crop.

Many crops this spring are potentially facing worse than normal stress due to:

  • Early disease infection (eg rust and septoria) that obviously requires action to control as soon as possible.
  • Soil nutrient availability: last year’s big crops aussie online casino, coupled with over-winter nutrient leaching and the fact that mild conditions have meant that, despite the wet, many crops have maintained some growth throughout the winter has resulted in much lower than normal soil nutrient availability. Combine the above factors with the effect of water-logging / anaerobic conditions on root growth and maintenance and we have a situation where many crops will be subjected to very high levels of abiotic stress, which will translate into affected yield and quality. Ensuring that the crop has ready access to all the nutrients it needs, as well as ensuring that its metabolic processes are maximized will be crucial this spring.

UPLIFT ATG – providing fully available nutrients and helping maximise the action of the plant’s metabolism

UPLIFT ATG provides a co-formulation of a rapidly and totally available nutrient complex to ensure that the cells have just the right nutrient mix available precisely when they need it plus Pyro Glutamic Acid (PGA) to ensure that the nitrogen assimilation process is working at maximum efficiency.

Crops are constantly subjected to stress during their growth. The stress may be due to environmental factors such as drought, or else caused by periods of rapid growth, such as that which occurs during establishment and at stem extension, or during grain / pod fill. The stress results in poorer uptake and utilisation of nutrients as well as impacting directly on the plants metabolic processes. Uplift ATG is applied at 3.0L/Ha (5L maximum) and delivers:

Nitrogen (N) 14% Copper (Cu) 600 mg/l
Phosphorus (P205) 7% Manganese (Mn) 600 mg/l
Potassium (K20) 7% Zinc (Zn) 600 mg/l
Magnesium (Mg0) 0.35% Molybdenum (Mo) 40 mg/l
Boron (B) 300 mg/l + PGA (Pyro Glutamic Acid)

Understanding the role of Pyro Glutamic Acid [PGA]

PGA is an amino acid that is essential to maintain the action of the nitrogen cycle when a crop is under stress. PGA is a precursor to 2-hydroxy-5-oxoproline, a signaling metabolite in the nitrogen cycle, without which carbon fixation, Nitrogen assimilation and Nitrogen metabolism halt.

In crops under stress the PGA levels drops, and as a result the Nitrogen cycle slows down. Uplift ATG supplies the crop PGA to ensure that the N-cycle continues to work at optimum efficiency.


PGA (the precursor to 2-hydroxy-5-oxoproline)

In addition to PGA UPLIFT ATG also contains two additional amino acids:

L-Tryptophan : A precursor to auxin (specifically IBA ; Indole-3-Butyric Acid) which influences root initiation, promoting lateral and adventitious root development as well as cell enlargement and xylem development, thereby helping nutrient flow and plant growth.

L-Aspartic Acid : Critical in the Krebs Cycle and maximising mitochondrial Adenosine Tri Phosphate (ATP) production. ATP carries the energy used in cell processes and growth.

UPLIFT ATG with R100

R100 is a new patented activator and uptake system incorporated into nutrient product formulations that significantly increases the performance of nutrient and amino acid containing products such as Uplift ATG, providing enhanced levels of crop productivity through increased levels of chlorophyll production with increased photosynthetic rates and improved morphological characteristics such as the development and maintenance of increased seed site numbers, bigger flag leaves etc.

  • R100 increases chlorophyll production and photosynthesis by increasing the utilisation of Mg in the plant
  • R100 acts as a cytokinin balancer. For maximum growth the ratio of cytokinin and auxin must be correct. This optimises the crop’s hormones that maximise cell division, differentiation and growth for yield and quality, while at the same time delaying senescence
  • R100 increases the uptake and utilisation of amino acids incorporated into the Uplift ATG formulation

Effect of using the R100 formulation in wheat trials:

  • 9% increase in wheat chlorophyll content (chlorophyll mg/cm2)
  • Increase in photosynthesis resulting in bigger flag leaves (2.0cm to 2.5cm longer, 0.3cm wider)
  • 2.0T yield response in wheat over untreated

What to use and when:

What are the key decisions with regard to minimizing the effect of stress and to maximizing yield and quality?
Crops are under continual stress during their growth, from the day they germinate until the day they senesce. While, in theory we should be applying a continuous “drip feed” of nutrients and specific amino acids to alleviate the effect of stress, this is clearly impractical. However there are certain important timings where applications of specific inputs should be considered during crop growth:

Establishment of the “skeleton”: Getting the crop established quickly with maximum root development has a huge impact on the final yield, as during this phase the “skeleton” of the plant is determined. Phosphite is particularly useful here as it acts to encourage root development.

Prosper ST applied as a seed treatment will help the plant develop roots during the crucial first 60 days. It is then worth considering an application of 1.0L Prosper Plus foliar phosphite at around the 4 leaf stage as this will take up where the Prosper ST starts to tail off, further increasing root structure (ensuring optimum access to soil nutrients and water) as well as helping the plant produce and maintain more leaf, tiller and flower primordia.

Putting “muscle” on the “skeleton”: Maintaining the leaf tiller and flower primordia is then critical. Every time the plant is struggling to access what it needs, whether it be moisture or a nutrient, the result will have an impact on the potential yield. We all know about N, P, K and S, but it is worth remembering that, for example, if magnesium is a little low then chlorophyll production is compromised, if molybdenum is low then embryos that are formed fail to be maintained and rot back leading to blind grain sites, and if boron is low pollen production is affected.

Adding to the need for ready access to nutrients throughout the crop’s growth is the importance of maximising the action of the Nitrogen Cycle. PGA has proven itself to be important in this regard, increasing nitrogen utilisation and protein production, leading to both increased yield and quality.

Key UPLIFT ATG timings in a CEREAL crop are:

1. 3.0L Uplift ATG at GS 30/31 in order to ensure that the stress that occurs during the following rapid growth period has minimal impact on the plant.
2. The next key timing is 3.0L Uplift ATG on the flag leaf – a critical time for yield production, particularly if the weather is putting the crop under stress.
3. A third timing is also potentially important – a 3.0L Uplift ATG mid-tillering application to crops coming out of the winter under severe stress from eg waterlogging and anaerobic conditions. (This is in addition to the GS30/31and flag leaf applications).

Key UPLIFT ATG timings in OILSEED RAPE crop are:

1. 3.0L Uplift ATG at 8-10 leaf immediately prior to the spring rapid growth.
2. The next key timing is 3.0L Uplift ATG when the seed is starting to expand in the pods – a critical time for yield production, particularly if the weather is putting the crop under stress.

UPLIFT ATG may be tank-mixed with a wide range of pesticides, including fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides.
NB Please remember that phenoxy acid based herbicides (mecoprop, mcpa, 2,4-D and dicamba) and Mavrik insecticide (tau-fluvalinate) are incompatible with Uplift ATG. Also a minimum of 150L water is preferable.

Trials Results summary: All Uplift applications are in addition to standard inputs

Cereals Trial 2011: Single application 3.0L to flag leaf

Crop under severe drought stress and flag leaf “rolling”.

Variety Solstice.

0.65T increase in yield.

Quality (Protein, TGW and Sp Wt) also improved.

Cereals Trial 2012: Sequential applications: 3.0L GS30/31 & 3.0L flag leaf

Crop not under severe drought stress, simply affected by normal stresses of growth.

Variety J.B Diego.

1.38T increase in yield.


Cereals Trial 2014: Sequential applications: 3.0L Mid-Tillering, followed by 3.0L GS 30/31 and 3.0L flag leaf

Crop not under severe drought stress, simply affected by normal stresses of growth.

Variety Claire.

1.8T increase in yield accompanied by increases in protein TGW and specific weight.


OSR Trial 2014: Sequential applications: 3.0L Pre stem extension, followed by 3.0L when seeds just starting to expand in pods

Crop not under severe drought stress, simply affected by normal stresses of growth.

Variety Picto.

0.6T increase in yield accompanied by increased oil yield/Ha.


New UPLIFT ATG formulation versus traditional UPLIFT

The following trials were all designed to study the performance of UPLIFT ATG in crops such as maize and potatoes, while also comparing the performance of the new UPLIFT ATG formulation against the “traditional” UPLIFT.

NB The comparison trials utilised single applications in maize, cereals and rape to compare the effects of the different formulations. The benefit of sequential timings as demonstrated in previous years (eg GS 30 followed by flag in cereals or pre stem extension in rape followed by a further application when the seeds are just starting to expand in the pods) is the same or greater where the new UPLIFT ATG formulation is used… just use UPLIFT ATG instead!

Maize Trial 2015: UPLIFT ATG Single application 3.0L/ha at 4 leaf

Variety Glory Crop under stress from cold soil & looking “purple”.

Rapid effect on stress reduction and growth seen after application (Over 20% increase in plant growth in the 30 days after application).

9% increase in yield 3% increase in protein (9.1% to 9.4%) Sugar, Starch, DM all increased.


Cereals Trial 2015: UPLIFT ATG versus UPLIFT Single applications: 3.0L at 3.0L and 3.0L at GS30 to compare the performance of Uplift ATG & standard Uplift

Crop not under severe drought stress. Trial compared SINGLE application timings NOT sequences.

Variety Claire.

Uplift ATG gave an additional 0.3T yield increase over standard Uplift, accompanied by further increases in protein.


OSR Trial 2015: UPLIFT ATG versus UPLIFT Single applications: 3.0L at start of stem extension to compare the performance of Uplift ATG & standard Uplift

Crop not under severe drought stress. Trial compared SINGLE application timings NOT sequences.

Variety Picto.

An additional 0.2T increase in yield from Uplift ATG over standard Uplift, accompanied by further increases in oil yield/Ha.


Potato Trial 2015 : UPLIFT ATG versus UPLIFT Sequential applications: 3.0L at start of tuber initiation followed by 3 further applications of 3.0L each time with every other blight spray

Aim: to measure the benefit of Uplift ATG on potatoes and to compare the performance of Uplift ATG with standard Uplift.

Result: Yield of marketable tubers increased by 8.0T/ha.
31% increase in tubers of 45-65 mm fraction.